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Understanding Women’s Health and Gynecology

Gynecology deals with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system which includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Modern gynecologist are also obstetrician, because both specializations overlap, wherein obstetrics deals with maternal care involving childbirth. Gynecology comprises both medical and surgical fields, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management, as well as surgical intervention.

Gynecologists deal with the diagnosis and treatment involving cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, infections of the vagina, cervix and uterus and other vaginal diseases. Gynecologist perform different diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems.

Pap smear is one of the most popular gynecological procedure done, that involves the collection of cells from the cervix, to know if it is precancerous or cancerous. Pap test does not hurt, but it might be uncomfortable. It is a recommended test for women over age 18 and for every woman who is sexually active. Gynecologist advise women to undergo Pap smear at least one every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is the removal of uterus and cervix, that is one of the main options for treating cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus or endometrium. Hysterectomy has two types namely, partial hysterectomy and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy requires two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea is a medical term for painful cramps occurring immediately before or during menstruation. It is one of the common complaints of women. Dysmenorrhea has two types which are primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually occurs on the onset of menstruation that lasts one to three days, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of the reproductive system.

Indeed, the female reproductive system is complex in nature, needing the specialization of a gynecologist to rule out diseases and disorders that cause a specific gynecological symptom. It is important to visit your gynecologist if you are experiencing problems with your reproductive system for you to receive the proper diagnosis, treatment and management. The primary aim of a gynecologist is to help women preserve reproductive system health, and find means to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.